Conditions: Baltimore, Maryland, 02/05/2023 11:50:03 am


Mostly Cloudy


Dew Point
Relative Humidity


Feels Like


Wind (SSW)


Air Pressure


Sun Rise

07:09 AM

Sun Set

05:31 PM

Day Length

10:22 Hours


2 min 10 sec gain

Moon Rise

05:27 PM

Moon Set

07:30 AM

Next: Full Moon

Feb 05,2023

Moon Phase

Waxing Gibbous

Average Low



Average High
Record Low




Record High

How The Winter Weather Pattern May Develop In Early December

La Nina
Polar Vortex
Winter Weather

November 27 2022

Sunday Night Update

With the Thanksgiving Holiday Weekend behind us and many in full holiday mode, we can now shift our weather focus to December and the start of our winter weather pattern.   If you read my Winter Outlook, I highlighted many features that support a change in December. It will take some time to establish and I want to shed some light on how I believe it will evolve. 

We will have some hints of colder air brought back with moderation over the next week. But the long-wave or global signals are pointing HARD to a dramatic shift. There are some analog years such as December 1989 which was exceptionally snowy, but the rest of that winter was lame for us. I do not see an exact repeat.

I cannot promise a White Christmas, but there is a much better than average chance we see snow in the Mid Atlantic well before then. Please let me explain:

(Please forgive me for oversimplifying this. If I got too detailed I would chase many away)

Jet Stream: North American View

December 1 to December 7 – ECMWF Model

The 500mb Level is around 18,000 Ft above the ground. These Heights show that pressure at different levels. In Short:

  • Blue/Green = Troughs at lower heights and colder air.
  • Red/Purple = Ridges at higher lights and warmer air.

November 27 weather jet stream polar vortex December

Key Timeframes 

December 1

A little trough will swing through behind our next storm. It will be cold for a day or two, but can’t last yet.

December 1 forecast jet stream polar vortex


December 3

A Ridge for the Eastern 3rd of the US will build back near to slightly warmer than average temperatures.

The Polar Vortex may split, but still have a primary circulation in northern Canada. This will drop south as a new trough from the Pacific and enter the NW US.

December 1 forecast jet stream polar vortex


December 7 – Game Changer?

The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is expected to take a DEEP DIVE to numbers not seen in many years. I will show those charts below…

This set up is strong High Pressure near Greenland with Deep Low Pressure to the south around the 40 Lat/ 40 Long location.  A Negative NAO (-NAO) is measured with Pressure at 40N Lat minus the Pressure at 60N Lat.  The more negative, then the stronger the cold air flow to the eastern US.

In addition, here we see the Polar Vortex dislodged south of the North Pole and possibly beginning to wobble. THAT is what enhances arctic air masses across the continent. 

We also begin to see another trough in the Pacific, which may be part of an uptick in that source region for more storms.


December 7 jet stream forecast polar vortex


Winter Outlook 2023 For Snow Not Typical La Niña Plus Polar Vortex Disruption


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All of these indexes were discussed in my Winter Outlook.  A brief background on these features can be found in the Global Patterns section of the Winter Pages.

North Atlantic Oscillation Through Dec 7

GFS Model

This trends from -1 to -4.2 around Dec 5, but brings it back up….

ECWMF (European) Model

This is the more impressive plot and this model has a better reputation or long range outlooks. 

This forecast drops the index to -5 as it bottoms out or continues this “Day After Tomorrow” trend by Dec 7.

Arctic Oscillation 

The NAO is part of this calculation. Here we see the drop from -1 today to -2 starting December, then to -4 by the end of the period. Another signal of a colder pattern!

Pacific North American Oscillation

This index needs to measure “positive’ to feature more storms. This forecast is not there yet, but trending towards neutral will support more storms in the pipeline. 

Across The Globe:

Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO)

The forecast for the first week of December is Phase 8 – the location of the south Pacific tropical activity. There has been a correlation to that location (8) with more active storm development off the east coast of the US.


If you want cold and stormy, the pieces around the globe are setting up to boost the odds by the second week of December. I would look for December 6 to 14 for the first winter event in our region. That is not a promise for your location… just a region wide favorable setting. 


Looking Farther Ahead:

La Niña

This colder phase of the tropical waters in the Pacific Ocean is in the 3rd year in a row. That is the Triple-Dip I wrote about earlier.

A La Niña is not favorable to high snow for the Mid Atlantic…. 

Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Anomalies

August 31 to November 16

This is the trend above (orange) or below (blue) normal. The cooler water is dominating….

Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Temperatures Anomalies November La Niña


In my Winter Outlook, I suggested the increasing odds of La Niña ending for the second half of winter.


Latest Assessment from NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center

Average SST shows the Colder Water dominating the equatorial Pacific. 



Here is the change from October 19 to November 16

There has been a hint of some warming above seasonal climate norms. This may be the signal of the beginning of the end of this extended La Niña…. 


There is a GREATER THAN 50% chance La Niña ends before the end of winter. That will add an increased potential for active winter storms for the eastern US February into March. 

Maybe this will be a December to Remember and validate my Winter Forecast for near to slightly above normal snow. 

Faith in the Flakes. 

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Normals And Records: Maryland and Baltimore Climate History


Also See The Winter Outlook Series:

Atmospheric Memory Suggests Active Winter Storm Pattern Outlook


Winter Outlook 2023 From NOAA Very Different Than Farmers Almanacs

Farmer’s Almanac Comparison

Winter Outlook 2023 Early Look At Snow From Two Farmers Almanacs

Triple Dip La Niña Winter

Winter Outlook 2023 La Niña Triple Dip Expectations



If you want a snowy winter, this is what you might want to look for in the rest of the tropical season. (You might be seeing a lot of commercial snow removal people out this Winter).

Record August For No Named Tropical Storms: Closer Look At Snow Following


Wooly Bear Caterpillars

Winter Weather Outlook From The Wooly Bear Caterpillar


Persimmon Seeds

Winter Weather Outlook: Persimmon Seeds And Snow Folklore


Click to see Top 20 and MORE

Winter Weather Folklore Top 20 And More Outlook Signals From Nature For Cold And Snow


STEM Assemblies/In School Fields Trips Are Back

Click to see more and ‘Book’ a visit to your school


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